NPR News

Movies
3:22 pm
Sun July 5, 2015

Out Of Broken English, A Film Crafts A Call For Classroom Repairs

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Author Interviews
3:22 pm
Sun July 5, 2015

From Blueprints To Betrayal: The Daring, And Downfall, Of A Cold War Spy

Courtesy of Doubleday

It was the middle of the Cold War and the CIA was having a difficult time getting information on what the Soviet Union was up to next.

They needed a spy — a Russian spy — who was willing to go the full way and betray his country.

They found one in Adolf Tolkachev, a Soviet aviation expert.

David Hoffman tells Tolkachev's story in his new book The Billion Dollar Spy.

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Europe
3:22 pm
Sun July 5, 2015

In Crucial Referendum, Greeks Reject Bailout Proposal

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Space
3:22 pm
Sun July 5, 2015

From The Gridiron To The Galaxy At Large: An Astronaut's Unexpected Journey

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

The Two-Way
2:23 pm
Sun July 5, 2015

Kerry: Iran Faces 'Hard Choices' To Reach Nuclear Deal With West

Secretary of State John Kerry delivers a statement in front of Palais Coburg where the Iranian nuclear talks are taking place in Vienna, Austria.
Qian Yi Xinhua/Landov

Secretary of State John Kerry says the United States is ready to walk away from the negotiating table if Tehran is unwilling to make the "hard choices" necessary to achieve a deal with the West on limiting its nuclear program.

However, Kerry also said that he and his Iranian counterpart, Mohammad Javad Zarif, were making "genuine progress" on "several of the most difficult issues" that remain to be resolved.

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Music
2:18 pm
Sun July 5, 2015

For Danny Elfman, The Strange Worlds Of Tim Burton Just Make Sense

The first time Tim Burton and Danny Elfman (pictured) collaborated was during the 1985 film Pee-Wee's Big Adventure. "There was instant chemistry in terms of what we were into," Elfman says.
Chris Pizzello AP

Originally published on Sat July 4, 2015 4:42 pm

Tim Burton's shadowy tales have taken audiences from a pastel suburban paradise in Edward Scissorhands to the dark streets of Gotham City in Batman.

Accompanying Burton's strange worlds are the mysterious and unforgettable scores by composer Danny Elfman. Over the last 30 years, the two have forged an iconic partnership.

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Music News
2:18 pm
Sun July 5, 2015

The Grateful Dead's Laid-Back, Yet Surprisingly Shrewd, Business Plan

Grateful Dead fans gather in the parking lot before a show this summer at Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara, Calif.
Justin Sullivan Getty Images

Originally published on Sun July 5, 2015 6:34 am

For the 50th anniversary of the Grateful Dead's founding, the band will perform three shows — their last — in Chicago this weekend. According to Billboard magazine, the "Fare Thee Well" concerts will bring in an estimated $50 million. That's pretty impressive, considering that band's lead guitarist died two decades ago.

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Latin America
2:17 pm
Sun July 5, 2015

At An Asylum In Juarez, 'We Believe In Hope'

Residents relax in the courtyard of the Vision in Action asylum in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. social services are in short supply in Juarez, and many have no place else to go.
Alexandre Meneghini AP

Originally published on Sun July 5, 2015 10:00 am

Fifteen miles past the city limits of Juarez, an insane asylum serves as the last stop for a group of indigent and mentally ill people. It's called Vision en Accion, or Vision in Action, and it sits like a citadel in a filthy desert dotted with dumps and junkyards, in an area haunted by years of violence from the drug cartel wars that claimed more than 11,000 lives.

A few of the asylum's 120 residents live behind bars in tiny, solitary cement cells. You can hear them moaning or screaming at times.

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The Two-Way
9:24 am
Sun July 5, 2015

China Takes Steps To Halt Plunge In Stock Markets

An investor looks through stock information at a trading hall in Haikou, the capital of Hainan province in southern China. Since mid-June, the main Shanghai stock index has lost 30 percent.
Zhao Yingquan Xinhua/Landov

Originally published on Sun July 5, 2015 11:26 am

China's central bank will provide an injection of cash for the state-run margin finance company, as the country's top brokerages pledge to go on a share-buying spree to prop up faltering markets that have lost a third of their value in less than a month.

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The Two-Way
7:42 am
Sun July 5, 2015

Russian Supply Capsule Successfully Docks With Space Station

The Soyuz-U space launch vehicle rocket carrying the Russian cargo ship Progress M-28M launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on Friday. The Progress resupply capsule successfully docked with the International Space Station on Sunday.
Sergai Savostyanov ITAR-TASS/Landov

Originally published on Sun July 5, 2015 11:18 am

The International Space Station has just received a much-needed delivery, including some groceries, aboard a Russian capsule that successfully docked after three previous attempts to resupply the orbiting laboratory had failed.

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The Salt
5:57 am
Sun July 5, 2015

Do Try This At Home: 3 Korean Banchan (Side Dishes) In One Pot

Dan Gray is a restaurateur and food blogger in Seoul, South Korea.
Elise Hu NPR

Originally published on Sun July 5, 2015 10:05 am

This summer, NPR is getting crafty in the kitchen. As part of Weekend Edition's Do Try This At Home series, top chefs are sharing their cleverest hacks and tips — taking expensive, exhausting or intimidating recipes and tweaking them to work in any home kitchen.

This week: We go to Seoul, South Korea, to make banchan — those endless small plates of pickles and veggies that traditionally accompany rice or soup.

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Around the Nation
5:57 am
Sun July 5, 2015

Don't Blame The Sharks For 'Perfect Storm' Of Attacks In North Carolina

The recent spate of attacks — seven since June in North Carolina alone — has little to do with the shark population off American coastlines. Shark attack, George Burgess says, "is driven by the number of humans in the water more than the number of sharks."
Carol Buchanan iStockphoto

Originally published on Sun July 5, 2015 12:58 pm

Those who spend much time on the Carolina beaches know that many shark species, and even whales, are frequent visitors during the summer. And, though it's extremely rare, those sharks have been known to attack humans.

But this year, there have already been seven shark attacks off the North Carolina coast since June. It's a number that has surprised even the most seasoned of shark-watchers.

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Europe
5:57 am
Sun July 5, 2015

Greeks Begin Voting In Historic Resolution

Originally published on Sun July 5, 2015 6:34 am

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

LYNN NEARY, HOST:

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Parallels
5:57 am
Sun July 5, 2015

Tunisia Seeks Its Way On A Winding, Bumpy Path

In Kairouan, Tunisia, Muslims visit the Great Mosque, one of the oldest and best-known mosques in North Africa. Tunisia has made more political progress than other Arab Spring countries, but it has suffered two major terror attacks in recent months.
Anadolu Agency Getty Images

Originally published on Sun July 5, 2015 10:05 am

Editor's Note: An attacker opened fire on a beach in Tunisia and killed 38 people on June 26. NPR's Alice Fordham went to cover the story. She used to live in Tunisia and reflects on how the country's changed in recent years.

Two years ago, I first went to the town of Kairouan, one of the holiest sites in Islam. Tear gas drifted around the beautiful old stones of the Great Mosque and nervous police sheltered in small patches of shade. They were there preventing a rally by an Islamic extremist group who wanted to wave black flags and chant intolerant slogans.

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Goats and Soda
5:03 am
Sun July 5, 2015

Want A Taste Of Virtual Reality? Step One: Find Some Cardboard

Put all these pieces together — they're part of a Google Cardboard viewer from DoDoCase.com — and you'll be ready for virtual reality.
Ben de la Cruz NPR

Filmmakers are using virtual reality to make the problems of the developing world seem more ... real.

But how can you see their work?

You could buy a headset, but you might end up in virtual debt. Prices range from $200 to $500 for devices from big players like Oculus Rift, Sony and Samsung. And forking over that much cash is a problem since there's not a lot of content yet.

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It's All Politics
3:46 am
Sun July 5, 2015

Trump's Campaign Theme Song Headache? Blame Michael Jackson, Sort Of

Republican presidential candidate and TV personality Donald Trump arrives by escalator to the tune of "Rockin' in the Free World." Musician Neil Young did not approve of his song choice.
Brendan McDermid Reuters/Landov

Originally published on Sun July 5, 2015 10:39 am

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Parallels
3:43 am
Sun July 5, 2015

Israel And The West Bank Through Fresh Eyes

The Weinfeld Family, 2009. Photographer Frederic Brenner, who took this photo, created This Place, an exhibit that features the work of 12 internationally acclaimed photographers in Israel and the West Bank.
Frederic Brenner/Courtesy of Howard Greenberg Gallery

Originally published on Sun July 5, 2015 10:59 am

A dozen internationally acclaimed photographers were set loose in Israel and the West Bank. Most had never been in either place before. The aim was to try to see anew a part of the world that's been thoroughly photographed, long mythologized and often fought over.

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Around the Nation
3:24 pm
Sat July 4, 2015

'Firework, Not Fire Fun': The Serious Jobs Of Pyrotechnic Pros

Fireworks light up the sky above the Brooklyn Bridge during Macy's 4th of July Fireworks Spectacular in 2014.
Mark Lennihan AP

Originally published on Sat July 4, 2015 4:46 pm

Designing a vast fireworks show is a bit like composing music. There's the opening to think about, of course, and the grand finale — and all the intricacies with which the colors and displays intermingle in between.

For Jim Souza, the president of Pyro Spectaculars, this is his art.

"The sky is the canvas," he says, lending another metaphor, "and fire's my paint."

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The Salt
3:17 pm
Sat July 4, 2015

Aphrodisiacs Can Spark Sexual Imagination, But Probably Not Libido

The Birth of Venus, by Sandro Botticelli, depicts the goddess of love floating on a giant scallop shell. The word aphrodisiac derives from her Greek name, Aphrodite.
Sandro Botticelli Wikimedia

Originally published on Sat July 4, 2015 4:33 pm

What do we know about the power of food to rev up sex drive? Not much.

"Really, science has not figured out what determines sexual motivation and sexual attraction. If we knew the answer to that, we'd probably be richer than Pfizer after they invented Viagra," says Dolores Lamb, director of the Center for Reproductive Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine.

She hasn't seen any compelling evidence that any particular food can intensify desire.

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News
3:14 pm
Sat July 4, 2015

Charleston Reporters Tell The National Story Of Local Violence

Crowds gather to pay their respects outside Emanuel AME Church in Charleston, S.C., in a photo by the Post and Courier.
Pool Reuters/Landov

Originally published on Sat July 4, 2015 4:42 pm

For the The Post and Courier, the newspaper in Charleston, S.C., it's been a crazy three months. The regional paper has been driving the coverage of the shootings at the Emanuel AME Church.

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Religion
3:06 pm
Sat July 4, 2015

In A Time Of Grief And Recovery, A Sunday Sermon Foretold

Originally published on Sat July 4, 2015 4:42 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

ARUN RATH, HOST:

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Europe
3:04 pm
Sat July 4, 2015

As Greece Stares Down Its Money Troubles, A Decisive Vote Looms

Originally published on Sat July 4, 2015 4:42 pm

Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

ARUN RATH, HOST:

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The Two-Way
1:34 pm
Sat July 4, 2015

U.N.: Report On Iran's Atomic Program Possible By Year's End

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry meets with Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif (not pictured) at a hotel in Vienna on Friday.
Carlos Barria Reuters/Landov

Originally published on Sat July 4, 2015 3:20 pm

Yukio Amano, the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, or IAEA, says that if Iran cooperates, the agency could issue a report on the country's past atomic research by the end of the year.

NPR's Peter Kenyon, reporting from Vienna, says that progress is also being reported on sanctions relief for Tehran — but a deal has yet to be finalized.

"With cooperation from Iran, I think we can issue a report by the end of the year," Amano, the head of the U.N. agency, says.

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The Two-Way
12:38 pm
Sat July 4, 2015

Matt Stonie Downs 62 Hot Dogs For Coney Island Title

Matt Stonie (right) is crowned winner of the annual Fourth of July Nathan's Famous Hot Dog Eating Contest in Brooklyn, N.Y., Saturday. Stonie defeated eight-time champion Joey Chestnut 62-60.
Andrew Kelly Reuters/Landov

Originally published on Sat July 4, 2015 3:24 pm

Sixty-two dogs (and buns) after sitting down for the annual Nathan's Famous Hot Dog Eating Contest, Matt Stonie had snatched the title from "Jaws" Chestnut, the reigning eight-time champ, in a competition held each July 4 for nearly a century at New York's Coney Island.

Stonie finished second last year but says he'd been training hard for the rematch. Ultimately, he beat Chestnut by two hot dogs. Coincidentally, both men are from San Jose, Calif.

The Associated Press says: "Afterward, Stonie, holding his fist in the air in victory, said it felt amazing to win."

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The Two-Way
10:25 am
Sat July 4, 2015

Week After Beach Attack, Tunisia Declares State Of Emergency

Tunisian President Beji Caid Essebsi speaks during a forum on strategic planning, in Tunis, in June. Essebsi has declared a state of emergency his office says is aimed at dealing with the threat of Islamist extremists.
Mohamed Messara EPA/Landov

Originally published on Sat July 4, 2015 11:21 am

More than a week after a deadly attack by an Islamic extremist at a Tunisian beachfront resort that killed 38 foreign tourists, the president of the North African country has declared a state of emergency.

President Beji Caid Essebsi's office says in a statement that he needed the powers that come with the declaration to more effectively deal with the threat from extremists.

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Interviews
9:38 am
Sat July 4, 2015

Fresh Air Weekend: 'Loving Day'; Cable's Faux Newsmen; 'Dope' Director

Mat Johnson is the author of Pym, Drop, Hunting in Harlem and The Great Negro Plot as well as several graphic novels including Incognegro, Dark Rain and Right State.
Meera Bowman Johnson

Fresh Air Weekend highlights some of the best interviews and reviews from past weeks, and new program elements specially paced for weekends. Our weekend show emphasizes interviews with writers, filmmakers, actors and musicians, and often includes excerpts from live in-studio concerts. This week:

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StoryCorps
9:24 am
Sat July 4, 2015

Two Marines, One Deployment And The End Of A Marriage

Anny Pena, 30, and Jonny Pena, 32, met when they were both stationed in Arizona.
StoryCorps

Originally published on Sat July 4, 2015 10:21 am

StoryCorps' Military Voices Initiative records stories from members of the U.S. military who served in Iraq and Afghanistan.

When Marine Staff Sgt. Jonny Pena came back from Afghanistan, he wasn't the same man who had left for the war.

He and his wife, Marine Sgt. Anny Pena, met when they were stationed in Arizona. Two years later, in 2007, they got married; then they had a son.

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The Two-Way
8:36 am
Sat July 4, 2015

Lawrence Herkimer, The Father Of Modern Cheerleading, Dies At 89

Originally published on Sat July 4, 2015 11:20 am

Three cheers for Lawrence Herkimer, who did more than anyone to transform cheerleading into an art, a science and a multi-million dollar business.

He died of heart failure on Wednesday in Dallas at age 89, according to his family.

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NPR History Dept.
8:25 am
Sat July 4, 2015

When America's Librarians Went To War

American Library Association volunteers in Paris on Feb. 27, 1919.
Courtesy of the University of Illinois Archives

Originally published on Sat July 4, 2015 3:55 pm

Looking back at the nationwide support for American troops in the two world wars, we see Americans of all stripes making patriotic contributions and sacrifices — including farmers, factory workers and librarians.

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NPR Ed
7:25 am
Sat July 4, 2015

At Age 3 — Transitioning From Jack To Jackie

Sisters Jackie Carter Christian (left) and Chloe Marie Christian at the beach.
Courtesy of the Christian family

Originally published on Sat July 4, 2015 9:04 am

It's controlled after-school anarchy at the Christian-Carter household. Seven-year-old Chloe has rolled herself up in an exercise mat in the living room of the family's lovely Oakland, Calif., home.

"Look I'm a burrito," Chloe shouts.

Her 4-year-old sister, Jackie, swoops in for a bite — and a hard push.

"Ow!" Chloe shouts. "Mom! Jackie pushed me!"

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